Climatology of ionosphericF-region disturbances

D. N. Fotiadis, S. S. Kouris, V. Romano, B. Zolesi


After more than 60 years of research, ionospheric disturbances are today a most challenging topic of upper atmospheric
physics. Although the understanding of the thermosphere-ionosphere system has increased, quantitative
predictions of ionospheric perturbations, valid for space weather assessment, are still imprecise. Using a
long foF2 dataset, an analytical climatology of the F-region storms is presented as a function of appropriate variables.
Local phenomena are then detected.


ionosphere;F2-layer critical frequency;ionospheric disturbances

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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X