Finite element analysis of ground deformation due to dike intrusion with applications to Mt. Etna volcano

A. Occhipinti Amato, M. Elia, A. Bonaccorso, G. La Rosa


A 2D finite elements study was carried out to analyse the effects caused by dike intrusion inside a heterogeneous medium and with a realistic topography of Mt. Etna volcano. Firstly, the method (dimension domain, elements type) was calibrated using plane strain models in elastic half-spaces; the results were compared with those obtained from analytical dislocation models. Then the effects caused both by the topographic variations and the presence of multi-layered medium on the surface, were studied. In particular, an application was then considered to Mt. Etna by taking into account the real topography and the stratification deduced from seismic tomography. In these conditions, the effects expected by the dike, employed to model the 2001 eruption under simple elastic half-space medium conditions, were computed, showing that topography is extremely important, at least in the near field.


FEM;ground deformation;dike intrusion;real medium

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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X