Paleomagnetism of the Liassic member of the Zarzaïtine Formation (stable Saharan craton, Illizi basin, Algeria)

M. E. M. Derder, B. Henry, N. Merabet, B. Bayou, M. Amenna


A paleomagnetic study was carried out in the carbonates and marls of the Liassic member of the Zarzaïtine Formation of the Illizi basin (SE Algeria) deposited in a continental environment. Two magnetization components were identified. The first, defined at relatively low blocking temperature, was isolated in five sites, and yields the following paleomagnetic pole (80.8°N, 20.1°E, K = 811 and A 95 = 2.2°). This magnetization is considered an overprint acquired during Cenozoic times. The second component was defined by both normal and reversed polarity. The normal polarity was identified in fourteen sites using both linear regression and great circles. The reversed one was inferred in four sites from the remagnetization circle and demagnetization path analyses. This component is mainly (it could be in part the primary magnetization) a late diagenesis magnetic overprint. It yields a new Liassic pole (71.8°S, 54.9°E, K = 91 and A 95 = 3.9°) for Africa.


Africa;paleomagnetic pole;liassic;apparent polar wander path;sahara craton

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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X