The June 12, 1995 microearthquake sequence in the city of Rome 1167

A. Basili, L. Cantore, M. Cocco, A. Frepoli, L. Margheriti, C. Nostro, G. Selvaggi

Abstract


The earthquake of June 12, 1995 has been located using local and regional data (41°48.8'N, 12°30.8°6E at a depth of about 11.5 km) a few kilometers inside the city limit of Rome, in its southernmost part. This is the first event that occurred in Rome for which instrumental data are available. The local magnitude estimated from digital recordings is ML 3.6 and it was largely felt reaching intensity VI MCS. We constrained the focal mechanism by analyzing the S-wave polarization and it agrees well with the distribution of P-wave polarities. The fault plane solution shows a dominant strike slip mechanism (strike 275°, dip 70°, rake - 140°). Seismic moment, M0 = 2.3 ± 0.6 1021dyne × , was computed from S-wave displacement spectra of horizontal components of ground motion digital waveforms. The corresponding source radius ranges between 200 and 500 m, depending on the assumed stress drop (100 bars or 10 bars, respectively). The earthquake was preceded by a ML 2.6 foreshock. The seismic sequence lasted a few days during which 38 aftershocks were recorded. The seismicity pattern shows the characteristics of a mainshock-aftershock sequence, rather than swarm behavior which seems to characterize the activity of the neighboring seismogenic areas of the Alban Hills. We used a master event algorithm to locate some of the aftershocks. Results show that the relocated aftershocks are clustered in a small volume in proximity of the mainshock hypocenter.

Keywords


microseismicity;Rome;seismic hazard

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-4045

Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X