Large teleseismic P-wave residuals observed at the Alban Hills volcano, Central Italy

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G. B. Cimini
C. Chiarabba
A. Amato
H. Mahadeva Iyer


We collected teleseismic waveforms from a digital microseismic network deployed by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica (ING) in collaboration with the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), on the Alban Hills Quaternary volcano during the 1989-1990 seismic swann. About 50 events were recorded by the network, 30 of them by at least 4 stations. We analysed the data in order to image crustal heterogeneities beneath the volcano. The results show large delay time residuals up to - 1 second for stations located on the volcano with respect to station CP9 of the National Seismic Network located about 20 km to the east, on the Apennines. This suggests that the whole area overlies a broad low-velocity region. Although the ray coverage is not very dense, we model the gross seismic structure beneath the volcano by inverting the teleseismic relative residuals with the ACH technique. The main features detected by tbc inversion are a low-velocity zone beneath the southwestern fiank of tbc volcano, and a high-velocity region beneath the center. The depth extension of these anomalous zones ranges between 5 and 16 km. The correspondence between the low-velocity region and the most recent activity of the volcano (- 0.027 Ma) leads us to infer the presence of a still hot magmatic body in the crust beneath the southwestern side of the volcano, whereas the central part overlies the older and colder high-velocity volcanic roots related to the previous central activity (0.7 to 0.3 Ma).

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Cimini GB, Chiarabba C, Amato A, Mahadeva Iyer H. Large teleseismic P-wave residuals observed at the Alban Hills volcano, Central Italy. Ann. Geophys. [Internet]. 1994Nov.25 [cited 2024Feb.25];37(5). Available from: