Remote sensing of volcanic terrains by terrestrial laser scanner: preliminary reflectance and RGB implications for studying Vesuvius crater (Italy)

A. Pesci, G. Teza, G. Ventura


This work focuses on the use of terrestrial laser scanner (TLS) in the characterization of volcanic
environments. A TLS survey of the Vesuvius crater (Somma-Vesuvius volcano, Italy) allows the construction
of an accurate, georeferenced digital model of different sectors of the crater. In each sector, the intensity is
computed for each point as the ratio between the emitted amplitude and the received one, normalized to the
maximum signal, providing the radiometric information. Moreover, the RGB colours of the observed surfaces
can be captured by means of a calibrated camera mounted on the TLS instrument. In this way, multi-band
information is given, since a long range TLS operates in the near infrared band. The reflectance and RGB
data are compared in order to verify if they are independent enough to be complementary for model analysis
and inspection. Results show that the integration of RGB and intensity data can fully characterize this
volcanic environment. The collected data are able to discriminate different volcanic deposits and to detect
their stratigraphic features. In addition, our results shed light on the spatial extension of landslides and on
the dimensions of rock fall/flow deposits affecting the inner walls of the crater. The remotely acquired TLS
information from the Vesuvius crater is compared with that from a sedimentary terrain (coal-shale quarry) to
detect possible similarities/differences between these two geological environments.



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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X