Pore pressure prediction methods using normal compaction trend based on seismic inversion

Ting Lei, Xing-Yao Yin, Zhao-Yun Zong


Pore pressure prediction plays an important role in shale gas exploration and fracking technology. The pore pressure in shale cannot be directly measured but to be inferred by the normal velocity trend, so methods based on the effective stress theory are dedicated to establishing a function between seismic interval velocity and pressure. Among them the mostly used method is Eaton’s equation. However, how to precisely quantify the state of compaction remains unsolved. In this study, the AVO/AVA simultaneous inversion was introduced to estimate P-velocity. According to the exponential relationship between the pore pressure and the ratio of velocities, three different methods including the fitting method, the direct calculation method and the model-based direct calculation method based on the Eaton’s equation were used to estimate shale gas pore pressure, respectively. And then a comparative analysis was performed to see the impact of normal compaction trend on the result. It was found that the horizontal continuity of the model-based direct calculation method was the best. The result shows that the approach of estimating the normal compaction trend impacts the pore pressure significantly.


Stress; Seismic methods; Pore pressure prediction; AVA simultaneous inversion; Normal compaction trend

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-7650
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X