Preseismic ULF effectand possible interpretation

O. A. Molchanov, A. Yu. Schekotov, E. Fedorov, G. G. Belyaev, M. S. Solovieva, M. Hayakawa


We present the results of ULF magnetic field observation at Karimshino station (Kamchatka, Russia). Using a case study we discovered an effect of suppression of ULF intensity about 2-6 days before rather strong and isolated seismic shocks (magnitude M = 4.6-6.6). It is revealed for nighttime and the horizontal component of ULF field (G) in the frequency range 0.01-0.1 Hz. Then we prove the reliability of the effect by computed correlation
between G (or 1/G) and especially calculated seismic indexes Ks for the rather long period of observation from
June 2000 to November 2001. Our recent data confirm the validity of the effect. We show here a similar result during a period of frequent strong seismic activity in April-May 2002. It is highly probable that the effect observed is connected with the increase in plasma density perturbations inside the ionosphere, which are induced
by preseismic water and gas release at the ground surface and following energy transportation into the ionosphere
by atmospheric gravity waves. Two models are discussed and computed: the first is a decrease of penetration coefficient of Alfven waves from the magnetosphere due to a turbulent increase in effective Pedersen
conductivity in the ionosphere, and the second is a change in wave number (k) distribution of source ionospheric
turbulence. One of the mechanisms or both could be responsible for the observed 2-3 times suppression of ULF magnetic field noise at the ground.


Ultra-Low Frequency emission;seismicity;Alfven waves

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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN:  2037-416X