Recent large-scale temporary passive seismic experiments in Europe: deployment and data quality.


The densely populated area around Europe, the Central Mediterranean and Adriatic Sea is highly susceptible to a variety of geohazards, including earthquakes, tsunamis, landslides, flooding and volcanic activity. Specifically, the Adriatic Plate is consumed in a tectonically active belt spanning from Sicily, over the Apennines to the Alps, Dinarides and Hellenides, generating earthquakes up to magnitude 7. Understanding the properties of plate boundaries, slabs, active faults and of the stress field is crucial for  identifying the geodynamic factors driving plate deformation and associated geohazards. In recent years,  dense plate-scale regional passive broadband seismic experiments have been conducted over the greater Alpine region and in the central Mediterranean (e.g. AlpArray, AdriaArray, PACASE, among others).

SPECIAL ISSUE: Volcanic risks: observations, analysis, modeling


Mitigating the impact of volcanic eruptions, as well as identifying and improving the resilience of high-risk communities, is increasingly recognized as a high social priority. The main sources of hazard that could affect volcanic areas are lava flows, pyroclastic density currents, ash fallouts, ballistic ejecta, lahars, and volcano-tectonic earthquakes.