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surveillance systems. Lately there has been an increasing demand for ionospheric nowcast and accurate forecast
services by various groups of users, including European industry. The paper reviews research activities in Europe
based on the exploitation of real-time ground digisondes for the provision of nowcasting and forecasting
ionospheric space weather information and useful products and services to support operational applications.
During the last few years, important progress in databasing, modelling and forecasting ionospheric disturbances
based on real-time data from ground digisondes was achieved in the frames of COST Action 271 «Effects of the
Upper Atmosphere on Terrestrial and Earth-Space Communications». Further developments are expected to be
deployed with the new COST Action 724 on «Developing the basis for monitoring, modelling and predicting
space weather», as well as through the Space Weather Pilot Project of the European Space Agency and through
projects funded by the European Commission programmes.
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