Evolution of the volcanic plumbing systemof Alicudi (Aeolian Islands - Italy): evidence from fluid and melt inclusionsin quartz xenoliths

R. Bonelli, M. L. Frezzotti, V. Zanon, A. Peccerillo

Abstract


Quartz-rich xenoliths in lavas (basalts to andesites; 90-30 ka) from Alicudi contain abundant melt and fluid inclusions. Two generations of CO2-rich fluid inclusions are present in quartz-rich xenolith grains: early (Type I) inclusions related to partial melting of the host xenoliths, and late Type II inclusions related to the
fluid trapping during xenolith ascent. Homogenisation temperatures of fluid inclusions correspond to two density intervals: 0.93-0.68 g/cm3 (Type I) and 0.47-0.26 g/cm3 (Type II). Early Type I fluid inclusions indicate trapping pressures around 6 kbar, which are representative for the levels of partial melting of crustal rocks and xenolith formation. Late Type II fluid inclusions show lower trapping pressures, between 1.7 kbar and 0.2 kbar, indicative for shallow magma rest and accumulation during ascent to the surface. Data suggest the presence of two magma reservoirs: the first is located at lower crustal depths (about 24 km), site of fractional crystallization, mixing with source derived magma, and various degrees of crustal assimilation.
The second magma reservoir is located at shallow crustal depths (about 6 km), the site where magma rested for a short time before erupting.

Keywords


Aeolian Islands;fluid inclusions;crustal xenoliths;homogenisation temperature;magma plumbing system

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-3351
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X