Scale interactions in the tropical Atlanticvariability simulated with a coupled GCM

W. D. Cabos Narváez, J. F. Álvarez García, M. J. O. Beviá

Abstract


Warm and cold events in the Gulf of Guinea are an important feature in the interannual variability of the tropical Atlantic Ocean, and partly a manifestation of the equatorial Atlantic system's intrinsic variability. Due to the relatively reduced zonal extension of this ocean, the latter variability is comparatively weak and thus strongly modified by other factors at play, either local or remote, like the seasonal cycle or ENSO. We present here an
analysis of the tropical Atlantic variability in a 100-year-long chunk of the output of a coupled GCM. Through it,
we obtain a better understanding of this variability and of its interactions with the seasonal cycle and with the ENSO signal. Following hints in the observations, we separate warm or cold events of the simulation in a few
types, according to their similarities and differences. This classification is carried out as a spatio-temporal cluster analysis of the values, from nine months before up to the peak of the event, of the heat content anomalies. This is an optimal variable to monitor the generation of the events. One of the warm event classes can be explained by ENSO interactions. One of the cold event types can be explained by this influence as well, while the seasonal
interactions might explain the characteristics of another of them.

Keywords


coupled model;Gulf of Guineaevents;El Niño-Southern Oscillation;timescaleinteractions;clusters

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-3382
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X