Reassessment of source parameters for three major earthquakes in the East African rift system from historical seismograms and bulletins

A. Ayele, O. Kulhánek

Abstract


Source parameters for three majo earthquakes in the East African rift are re-computed from historical seismograms and bulletins. The main shock and the largest foreshock of the August 25, 1906 earthquake sequence in the main Ethiopian rift are re-located on the eastern shoulder of the rift segment.The magnitude of the main shock is estimated to be 6.5 (Mw) from spectral analysis. The December 13, 1910 earthquake in the Rukwa rift (Western Tanzania) indicated a significant strike-slip component from teleseismcs body-waveform inversion for fault mechanism and seismic moment. The January 6, 1928 earthquake in the Gregory rift (Kenya) showed a multiple rupture process and unusually long duration for a size of 6.6(Mw). The May 20, 1990 earthquake in Southern Sudan, mentioned merely for the sake of comparison, is the largest of all instrumentally recorded events in the East African rift system. Despite the fact that the mode of deformation in the continental rift is predominantly of extensional nature, the three largest earthquakes known to occur in the circum-Tanzanian craton have shallow focal depths and significant strike-slip component in their fault mechanisms. This and similar works will enrich the database for seismic hazard assessment in East Africa.

Keywords


East African rift system;fault mechenism;seismic hazard;source parameters

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-3627
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X