A comparison of f0F hmE model calculations with El Arenosillo digisonde observations. Seasonal variations

A. V. Mikhailov, B. A. de la Morena, G. Miro, D. Marin


Seasonal variations of hmE and f0F2 are analyzed using El Arenosillo digisonde observations during solar minimum (1995-1996). Unlike some widely used empirical models daytime hmE show seasonal variations with winter hmE being higher than summer ones and seasonal differences increase with solar zenith angle. Model calculations enable us to reproduce the observed hmE seasonal variations but the calculated daytime f0E values are too low if conventional EUV fluxes and dissociative recombination rate constants are used. A reduction of a (NO+ ) by taking into account Te > Tn in the E-region as it follows from probe measurements seems to be a plausible solution. The E-region ion composition corresponding to rocket observations may be obtained in model calculations using an appropriate [NO] height distribution. Calculated summer concentrations of [NO] are by a factor of 3-4 larger than winter ones at the hmE-heights.


Ionospheric E-layer-theoretical modeling;solar EUV;nitric oxide

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-3749
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X