Main Article Content
analytically, and numerically the biases in the estimation of the
b-value of the Gutenberg-Richter law and of
its uncertainty made through the least
squares technique. The biases are introduced by the cumulation
operation for the cumulative form of the Gutenberg-Richter law, by
the logarithmic transformation, and by the measurement errors on
We find that the least squares technique,
applied to the cumulative and binned form of
the Gutenberg-Richter law, produces strong bias in the b-value and
its uncertainty, whose amplitudes depend on the size of the sample.
Furthermore, the logarithmic transformation produces two different
endemic bends in the Log(N) versus M curve.
This means that this plot
might produce fake significant departures from the
The effect of the measurement errors is negligible compared to those of
cumulation operation and logarithmic transformation.
The results obtained show that the least squares technique should
never be used to determine the slope of the Gutenberg-Richter law and
No Permission Required
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia applies the Creative Commons Attribution License (CCAL) to all works we publish.
Under the CCAL, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their article, but authors allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, so long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.