Integrated geophysical measurements on a test site for detection of buried steel drums

Marco Marchetti, Alessandro Settimi

Abstract


Geophysical methods are increasingly used to detect and locate illegal waste disposal and buried toxic steel drums. This study describes the results of a test carried out in clayey-sandy ground where 12 empty steel drums had previously been buried at 4-5 m below ground level. This test was carried out with three geophysical methods for steel-drum detection: a magnetometric survey, electrical resistivity tomography with different arrays, and a multifrequency frequency-domain electromagnetic induction survey. The data show that as partially expected, the magnetometric and electromagnetic induction surveys detected the actual steel drums buried in the subsurface, while the electrical resistivity tomography mainly detected the changes in some of the physical properties of the terrain connected with the digging operations, rather than the actual presence of the steel drums.

Keywords


Environmental pollution, Buried steel drums, Magnetometry, Electrical resistivity tomography, Frequency-domain electromagnetic induction.

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-4846
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X