Decoupling of ground level pressures observed in Italian volcanoes: are they driven by space weather geo-effectiveness?

Paolo Madonia, Paolo Romano, Salvatore Inguaggiato

Abstract


Investigations on correlation drops between near-ground atmospheric pressures measured at sea level and at higher altitudes on Italian volcanoes have been carried out. We looked for perturbations of the atmospheric pressure field driven by volcanic activity, but not excluding possible external triggers for the observed anomalies. Decorrelations between atmospheric pressures measured at Stromboli Island in stations located at different altitudes (years 2002-10) have been analysed and compared with data from other volcanic (Vesuvius) and non volcanic (Mt. Soro) orographic structures. We investigated as their possible triggers volcanic, meteorological and space weather parameters, with particular attention to Total Solar Irradiance (TSI), Kp index and Forbush decreases. Pressure decorrelations seems to be driven by astronomic cycles, with maxima in summer and minima in winter. A further contribution was found, seemingly assignable to TSI anomalies, with correlation minima occurring 12 hours after these but only during phases of high Sun activity. Moreover, during the same phases a main periodicity of about 27 days in pressure decorrelations was revealed by FFT analysis. This period is the same of the Sun Carrington rotation, expressing the periodic reappearance of sunspot groups on Sun’s surface. The strong similarity between recurrences of sunspot number and atmospheric pressure anomalies further supports the role of the former as a possible trigger for the latter.


Keywords


Atmospheric pressure; Space weather; Sun storm; Volcanoes

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-6095
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X