The seismic monitoring network of Mt. Vesuvius

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Massimo Orazi
Luca D’Auria
Anna Tramelli
Ciro Buonocunto
Marco Capello
Antonio Caputo
Walter De Cesare
Flora Giudicepietro
Marcello Martini
Rosario Peluso
Giovanni Scarpato


Mt. Vesuvius (southern Italy) is one of the most hazardous volcanoes in the world. Its activity is currently characterized by moderate seismicity, with hypocenters located beneath the crater zone with depth rarely exceeding 5 km and magnitudes generally less than 3. The current configuration of the seismic monitoring network of Mt. Vesuvius consists of 18 seismic stations and 7 infrasound microphones. During the period 2006-2010 a seismic array with 48 channels was also operative. The station distribution provides appropriate coverage of the area around the volcanic edifice. The current development of the network and its geometry, under conditions of low seismic noise, allows locating seismic events with M<1. Remote instruments continuously transmit data to the main acquisition center in Naples. Data transmission is realized using different technological solutions based on UHF, Wi-Fi radio links, and TCP/IP client-server applications. Data are collected in the monitoring center of the Osservatorio Vesuviano (Italian National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology, Naples section), which is equipped with systems for displaying and analyzing signals, using both real-time automatic and manual procedures. 24-hour surveillance allows to immediately communicate any significant anomaly to the Civil Protection authorities.

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Orazi, M., D’Auria, L., Tramelli, A., Buonocunto, C., Capello, M., Caputo, A., De Cesare, W., Giudicepietro, F., Martini, M., Peluso, R. and Scarpato, G. (2013) “The seismic monitoring network of Mt. Vesuvius”, Annals of Geophysics, 56(4), p. S0450. doi: 10.4401/ag-6456.

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