Historical and recent sea level rise and land subsidence in Marina di Ravenna, northern Italy

Ines Cerenzia, Davide Putero, Flavio Bonsignore, Gaia Galassi, Marco Olivieri, Giorgio Spada

Abstract


The regions facing the northern Adriatic Sea are particularly vulnerable to sea-level rise. Several trade ports are located there, and the area is important from social and economical viewpoints. Since tourism and cultural heritage are a significant source of income, an increase in sea-level could hinder the development of these regions. One of the longest sea-level time series in the northern Adriatic, which goes back to the late 1880s, has been recorded at Marina di Ravenna, in Emilia-Romagna region. The record is anomalous, showing a rate of increase that largely exceeds that observed in nearby stations. During the last few decades, geodetic campaigns based on geometric high precision leveling, SAR interferometry, and GPS have monitored the Ravenna area. In this work, tide gauge observations are merged with yet unpublished geodetic data, aiming at a coherent interpretation of vertical land movements. We confirm that land subsidence is the major cause of relative sea-level change at Marina di Ravenna, at least during the period allowing  for a quantitative analysis (1990-2011). The rate of absolute sea-level change (2.2±1.3 mm yr−1 during the same time period), given by the difference between the rate of relative sea-level change and the rate of subsidence, is consistent with the rate of absolute sea-level change observed by altimetry in the northern Adriatic Sea.

Keywords


Sea-level change; Tide gauges; Land subsidence

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-7022
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X