TEC Regional Modeling and prediction using ANN method and single frequency receiver over IRAN

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Farideh Sabzehee
Saeed Farzaneh
Mohammad Ali Sharifi
Mehdi Akhoondzadeh


In order to study in the field of the dynamics and continuous variations in the ionosphere, the ionospheric measurement tools such as ionosondes, incoherent scatter radars, satellites, and Global Positioning System (GPS) networks should be used. Total Electron Content (TEC) is a key parameter in the investigation and identification of ionosphere layer. From observations of dual frequency GPS receivers, the ionospheric TEC can be extracted. Global Ionospheric Maps (GIM) are auxiliary Maps for a study on ionosphere layer in around the world. It is necessary to produce the regional TEC map for precise studying of the ionospheric TEC. Bernese software is used to extract TEC by dual frequency GPS receivers. Regional modeling of ionospheric TEC by Artificial Neural Network (ANN) is a significant domain for prediction TEC at both single and double frequency GPS receivers. Five locations in Iran during the period of 2006-2010 were identified and used in the development of an input space and ANN architecture for the TEC modeling. The input space included the day number (seasonal variation), hour (diurnal variation), sunspot number (a measure of the solar activity) and magnetic index (a measure of magnetic activity). Based on the results, the ANN have capability and flexibility to model and to predict TEC. TEC predicted by ANN A (NN TEC) and TEC obtained from the IRI2007 version of the International Reference Ionosphere (IRI TEC) are compared during equinoxes and solstices. Results show that ANN predicts GPS TEC more accurately than the IRI over Iran. The IRI-2007 model is not a suitable method to produce TEC over IRAN.

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How to Cite
Sabzehee, F., Farzaneh, S., Sharifi, M. A. and Akhoondzadeh, M. (2018) “TEC Regional Modeling and prediction using ANN method and single frequency receiver over IRAN”, Annals of Geophysics, 61(1), p. GM103. doi: 10.4401/ag-7297.
Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism