Main Article Content
Electrokinetic coupling between pore-fluid flow and electric field arising from the electrical double layer (EDL) has many applications in geoscience. In this study, we extended the formulas for the dynamic electrokinetic coupling coefficient (ECC) to arbitrary scaled capillaries. These two ECC formulas for the cylindrical and slit apertures, respectively, were derived without the thin or thick EDL assumption used in previous studies, relating to the normalized radius (the ratio of capillary radius to Debye length). By the identical ECC formulas for streaming current and electroosmosis effects, it is confirmed that Onsager’s reciprocity is generally satisfied for arbitrary scaled and shaped apertures. This ECC tends to the results using the thick and the thin EDL assumptions respectively with the decrease and increase of the normalized radius. It is shown that the relative error is less than 10.0% if the normalized radius is less than 0.8 and is larger than 20, respectively. Otherwise, the thick and the thin EDL assumptions are inapplicable. The high-frequency limit phase of this ECC increases from 45oto 90owith the decrease of the normalized radius, rather than that remains at 45ounder the thin EDL assumption. The linear approximation for solving the Poisson-Boltzmann equation influences the electric potential in the EDL and the ECC, which increases with the decrease of the normalized radius. If the normalized radius is larger than 7, the error is within 5.0% even though the linear approximation has been mathematically invalid when the salinity is 0.001 mol/L and zeta potential is -150 mV.
No Permission Required
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia applies the Creative Commons Attribution License (CCAL) to all works we publish.
Under the CCAL, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their article, but authors allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, so long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.