Main Article Content
Using detailed waveform analysis of Pn, sPn depth phases from the nearby seismic stations, attempts were made to resolve the focal depth of the 2011 Sikkim earthquake. Focal depth of 46.8 km thus determined was found closer to the GCMT source mechanism solution as compared to ISC solution (29.6 km). Re-examination of its source mechanism with the spatial/ depth distribution of its aftershocks sug- gested that both the nodal planes oriented WNW or ENE, initially ruptured but the orientation of meizoseismal area and larger concen- tration of its aftershocks parallel to the Tista lineament conformed WNW striking nodal plane relatively more active. The large value of the stress drop derived from S-wave spectra based on the data of Indian stations was attributed to its strike-slip mechanism and deeper focal depth. The stress drop of its foreshock was much lower than that the main shock. The b-value also showed a decrease during the last decade prior to the main earthquake.The recent Sikkim earthquake (Mw 6.9) has brought out the limitations of the microzoning of the Sikkim region attempted earlier.
No Permission Required
Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia applies the Creative Commons Attribution License (CCAL) to all works we publish.
Under the CCAL, authors retain ownership of the copyright for their article, but authors allow anyone to download, reuse, reprint, modify, distribute, so long as the original authors and source are cited. No permission is required from the authors or the publishers.