Robust analysis for the characterization of the Seismo-Electromagnetic Signals observed in Southern Italy

Gerardo Romano, Marianna Balasco, Agata Siniscalchi, Anna Eliana Pastoressa, Vincenzo Lapenna

Abstract


Seismo-ElectroMagnetic signals (SES) are anomalous ElectroMagnetic signals generated as a response to the propagation of a mechanical perturbation within the subsoil. Fluid presence plays a key role in determining SES generation and characteristics therefore SES study could be useful for subsoil characterization. In a more general framework, it can give insight on the role of fluids in the earthquake generation and seismic waves propagation.

A systematic study on the SES and on the related data analysis techniques is fundamental in order to define the characteristics of these signals which are superimposed to the natural electromagnetic field induced by the external variable magnetic field. To this aim, the Pollino seismic swarm was a great opportunity because continuous MagnetoTelluric (MT) data were recorded in a period in which numerous seismic events of various magnitudes occurred. During the observational period, SES were also recorded in correspondence to earthquakes distant from the MT stations over 800km.

In this paper, we present a procedure aimed to improve the SES detectability and to gather the maximum information possible on these signals. The procedure is especially tuned for the analysis of MT time series and it is based on the application of the Continuous Wavelet Transform and frequency filters.

As it will be shown, the operational scheme allows to minimize the background variability of the MT signal facilitating the detection and the characterization of SES in terms of amplitude and duration.

Keywords


SES, Wavelet, Magnetotelluric time series

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-7811
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X