Earthquake induced crises: game tree approached risk communication and lessons learnt

Main Article Content

Vasiliki Kouskouna
Georgios Sakkas
Ina Cecić
Stylianos Sakkas
George Kaviris
Andrea Tertulliani


Earthquakes, large or even moderate, are often followed by secondary phenomena, such as landslides, tsunamis, fires and technological disasters, leading to cascading effects that may, in turn, cause severe repercussions. Before, during and after the occurrence of these events, risk communication, currently evolved to codified legislation, is a crucial factor. Policy selection in the present study is approached by the application of the risk game tree and its formation. The events studied here in view of policy making have occurred both in the historical and the instrumental era, to account for different level of exposure and anthropogenic hazards, in Greece (1894 Atlanti, 1953 Kefallinia series, 2003 and 2015 Lefkas), Italy (1976 Friuli), Japan (2011 Tōhoku) and Slovenia (1917 Brežice). In all case studies the whole disaster management cycle is examined, i.e. mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery. Disaggregation of earthquake-related direct and cascading effects, as well as risk communication are taken into account and ethical challenges are posed both to scientists and policy makers.

Article Details

How to Cite
Kouskouna, V., Sakkas, G., Cecić I., Sakkas, S., Kaviris, G. and Tertulliani, A. (2021) “Earthquake induced crises: game tree approached risk communication and lessons learnt”, Annals of Geophysics, 64(3), p. SE329. doi: 10.4401/ag-8405.
Empowering communities for non-structural seismic risk mitigation: the central role of communication
Author Biography

Vasiliki Kouskouna, National and Kapodistrian University of Athens

Associate Professor

Department of Geology and Geoenvironment

Most read articles by the same author(s)