Paleomagnetic Results from Western Anatolia: Evidence of Microblock Rotations after Emplacement of the Lower Miocene Yuntdağ Volcanic Rocks

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Mualla Cengiz
Savaş Karabulut
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9574-1087
Ferhat Özçep
Burak Semih Çabuk
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0516-0217
Friedrich Heller

Abstract

The eastern Aegean region has undergone north dipping subduction in the Oligocene, continental collision and then Miocene-Pliocene extension, which is associated with widespread Miocene volcanism. The aim of this study is to assess the possibility of block rotations due to stress variations in the Dikili (İzmir) province, Western Anatolia, based on paleomagnetic data obtained from 35 independent sites in addition to results from 19 sites in earlier studies. The lower Miocene Yuntdağ volcanic rocks were emplaced in three different structural blocks, the Dikili, Zeytindağ and Bergama blocks. Clockwise rotation is found in the Dikili and Zeytindağ blocks that varies from R (± DR) = 12.5° (± 7.4°) in the west to R (± DR) = 35.6°± (13.2°) in the east, respectively. In contrast, a counterclockwise rotation of R (± DR) =-38.1° (± 6.4°) resulted in the Bergama block, in the north of the Dikili and Zeytindağ blocks. A scissor-like basin evolution is suggested during the opening of the Bakırçay graben which led to counterclockwise rotation of the Bergama block and clockwise rotation of the Dikili and Zeytindağ blocks after lower Miocene to present. The rotation pattern derived from results of this study demonstrates that localized small scale deformation due to basin evolution besides regional affects must be considered as part of the deformation matrix in this area.

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How to Cite
1.
Cengiz M, Karabulut S, Özçep F, Çabuk BS, Heller F. Paleomagnetic Results from Western Anatolia: Evidence of Microblock Rotations after Emplacement of the Lower Miocene Yuntdağ Volcanic Rocks. Ann. Geophys. [Internet]. 2022May2 [cited 2022May21];64(6):GM661. Available from: https://www.annalsofgeophysics.eu/index.php/annals/article/view/8699
Section
Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism