Daily geomagnetic variations under variable IMF/solar conditions and their connection with underground conductivity changes in Japan

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Emad M. Takla
Akimasa Yoshikawa
Teiji Uozumi
Kirolosse M. Girgis
A. Abdelkader

Abstract

Fluctuations in Solar Wind (SW) and Interplanetary Magnetic Field (IMF) significantly affect the Geomagnetic Field (GF) measurements particularly during extreme space weather events. The current study investigates the variations of horizontal (H), vertical (Z) geomagnetic components under quiet and disturbed IMF and solar conditions as well as the effect of underground conductivity on the stationary geomagnetic measurements in Japan. Results of data analysis show that the response of the GF to IMF and solar parameters fluctuations is variable. The H- and Z-components were in good harmony with high visual correlation along a latitudinal profile across Japan during quiet times. On the other hand, during the disturbed times related to a Coronal Mass Ejection (CME) launched on 13 May 2005, the GF components varied with the disturbance of IMF and solar parameters. The H-components showed highly correlated variations with a significant reduction along the examined profile due to intensified ionospheric currents, while the Z-components recorded in the northern part of Japan showed abnormal daily variations pattern (positive daily variations) with an enhanced amplitude which is opposite to the normal behavior of daily variations recorded in the central and southern parts of Japan (negative daily variations). The observed enhanced and abnormal daily variation of Z-components in north Japan, which we consider a remarkable observation here, is possibly linked with underground conductivity anomaly in this region.

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How to Cite
Takla, E. M., Yoshikawa, A., Uozumi, T., Girgis , K. M. . and Abdelkader , A. (2024) “Daily geomagnetic variations under variable IMF/solar conditions and their connection with underground conductivity changes in Japan”, Annals of Geophysics, 67(1), p. GM102. doi: 10.4401/ag-9021.
Section
Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism

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