Submission guidelines

Annals of Geophysics (AG) is a diamond open access international journal published by Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia (Italy).

Submission to AG implies that the manuscript is original, unpublished, and not currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. Please submit your manuscript through our online submission system, ensuring that you carefully review the instructions provided on this website.

Preparing your manuscript

For submission: before starting the online submission process, please make sure you have the following available:

  1. A cover letter with 5 suggested reviewers for your paper, the selection of both the subject areas  and the Editorial board member to handle the paper. For each potential reviewer the following information must be reported: name and family name; institutional address (University/Institution Department) and its web page; e-mail address. At least three suggested reviewers must have a different citizenship than the first author. The decision to accept or decline the  suggested reviewers ultimately lies with the Associate Editors.
  2. A file with your manuscript text (title page, list of authors, their email and affiliations, abstract, article body, captions and tables) in one of the most common document file formats (preferably .doc, .docx or .rtf). We do not accept manuscripts in Latex or Tex.
  3. A file with your complete manuscript (text, figures, and tables) in pdf format, which will be helpful to facilitate the reviewers' work and to avoid any formatting problems. Figures and tables as well as their captions must be inserted in the main text near the location of the first mention (not appended to the end of the manuscript). All pages must be numbered consecutively, and line numbers must be included.

Manuscript Composition

Your manuscript should be arranged in the following order:

  1. Title page
  2. Abstract
  3. Keywords
  4. Text (main body)
  5. Data and sharing resources
  6. Appendix (optional)
  7. Acknowledgments and Data Availability Statement
  8. References
  9. Figures and Tables
  10. Supplementary Material (optional)


  1. Title page: must include title, author first and last names, full institutional addresses of all authors, and correspondence email. If the title exceeds 40 characters, a shortened version of 40 characters or fewer must be provided for use as a running head on the pages of the published paper and on the cover label. 
  2. Abstract: should be intelligible to the general reader without reference to the text. After a brief introduction of the topic, the summary recapitulates the key points of the article and mentions possible directions for prospective research. Reference citations should not be included in this section and abbreviations should not be included without explanations.
  3. Key-words: to condense the main topic of the paper, five key-words must be chosen.
  4. Text: the headings of all sections, including introduction, method, results, discussion or conclusion must be numbered (Arabic numerals). A maximum of four levels of heads may be used, with subsections numbered 1.1., 1.2.; 1.1.1., 1.2.1;, and so on. Use American English spelling. Define all technical terms, symbols, acronyms, and abbreviations. Cite all figures and tables in numerical order. Define all abbreviations and acronyms once at the beginning. If your first language is not English, ask for some help with the grammar, as a paper whose meaning is unclear may be refused.
  5. Data and sharing resources: In this section all data sources that are not taken from published works, referenced in the References list, should be indicated. An example of data from a published work would be an earthquake catalog listed in a table or electronic supplement of a published paper. If an online database is used, then it should be included here. If there is a published work describing the database, then that work can be included in the References. However, online databases should not be included in the References. After indicating the data source, the link to the corresponding web or FTP site should be explicit, as in the following examples:

    - Seismograms used in this study were collected as part of the Central Kansas Lithospheric Experiment using PASSCAL instruments. Data can be obtained from the IRIS Data Management Center at (last accessed August 2023).

    - Seismograms used in this study were taken from the data base of INGV, Osservatorio Nazionale Terremoti, and can be requested at this address:

    - Plots were made using the Generic Mapping Tools version 4.2.1 (; Wessel and Smith 1998). - Seismograms used in this paper can be found upon request at XXXXXX YYYYYY,

    - Data of this experiment can be downloaded from the AG server, following the link:

  6. Appendix(ces): additional material that is presented within the article itself, but outside the main text. All crucial information necessary for understanding the paper, including experimental methods, data, and interpretation, should be in the main text. Additional figures, tables, technical, and theoretical developments, offering further detail or expert support, can be included as appendices to avoid disrupting the flow of the main text.  These should be labelled with capital letters: Appendix A, Appendix B etc. Equations, figures and tables should be numbered as (A1), Fig. B5 or Table C6, respectively. Please keep in mind that appendices are part of the manuscript whereas supplements (see below) are published along with the manuscript.
  7. Acknowledgements. The acknowledgments list: all funding sources related to this work from all authors including any source of direct or in-kind support. The acknowledgments are also the appropriate place to thank colleagues and other contributors. 
  8. References: Papers should make proper and sufficient reference to the relevant formal literature. Works cited in a manuscript should be accepted for publication or published already. These references have to be listed alphabetically at the end of the manuscript under the first author's name. Works "submitted to", "in preparation", "in review", or only available as preprint should also be included in the reference list. References should follow the style of examples below:

    Hough, S. E. and S. Martin (2002). Magnitude estimates of two large aftershocks of the 16 December 1811 New Madrid earthquake, Bull. Seism. Soc. Am., 92, 3259-3268.

    Gutenberg, B. (1959). Physics of the Earth's Interior, Academic Press, New York, 111-113.

    Laster, S.J., M. M. Backus and R. Schell (1967). Analog mode studies of the simple refraction problem, in Seismic Refraction Propsecting Albert W. Musgrave (Editor), Society of Exploration Geophysics, Tulsa, Oklahoma, 15-66.

    In-text citations can be displayed as " Smith [2009] […]", or "[Smith, 2009]". If the author's name is part of the sentence structure only the year is put in parentheses. If the author's name is not part of the sentence, name and year are put in parentheses. If you refer to multiple references at the same position all references are put in parentheses separated by semicolons ("[Smith, 2009; Mueller et al., 2010]").

  1. Figures & tables:
    1. Figure composition: it is important for the production process that separate figures are submitted. Composite figures containing multiple panels should be collected into one file before submission. The figures should be labelled correctly with Arabic numerals (e.g. fig. 1, fig. 2). They can be submitted in .tiff or Eps, format and should have a resolution of 300 dpi. The abbreviation "Fig." should be used when it appears in running text and should be followed by a number unless it comes at the beginning of a sentence, e.g.: "The results are depicted in Fig. 5. Figure 9 reveals that...".
    2. Tables: they should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals. For the production of the accepted manuscript, they should be submitted as MS WORD. Tables submitted as a PDF or an image file cannot be processed. Each table must have a title; column heads should be brief and should contain units of measurement in parentheses. Present each table on a separate page. When preparing tables, consider the size of the journal page (Layout box: cm 25,7 x 18,6). Generally, the tables will be re-formatted in order to follow the journal style. But in some cases, they will be reproduced as they are written. So, for particularly dense information, the authors are invited to produce their tables in PDF format, ready for reproduction. Tables should be self-explanatory and include a concise, yet sufficiently descriptive caption. Please note that the word "Table" is never abbreviated and should be capitalized when followed by a number (e.g., Table 4).
    3. Mathematical notation and terminology:
      1. Mathematical symbols and formulae: in general, mathematical symbols are typeset in italics. The most notable exceptions are function names (e.g., sin, cos), chemical formulas, and physical units, which are all typeset in roman (upright) font. Matrices are printed in boldface, and vectors in boldface italics.
      2. Equations should be numbered sequentially with Arabic numerals in parentheses on the right-hand side, e.g. (1), (2). When using Word, the equation editor and not the graphic mode should be used under all circumstances. In the text, equations should be referred to by the abbreviation "Eq." and the respective number in parentheses, e.g. "Eq. (14)".
      3. Units: Except where common practice indicates otherwise, units should follow the Système Internationale (SI).
      4. Date and time: 22 June 2021 (dd month yyyy), 15:17:02 (hh:mm:ss). Often it is necessary to specify the time if referring to local time or universal time coordinated. This can be done by adding "LT" or "UTC", respectively. If needed when referring to years, CE (common era) and BCE (before the common era) should be used instead of AD and BC since CE and BCE are more appropriate in interfaith dialogue and science.
  2. Supplementary Material: contains details useful to a subset of readers or information that is additional or complementary and directly relevant to the article content,  but is not essential to comprehend the article’s main results and conclusion. The most typical form is a separate PDF with details or additional analysis, but it can also be in the form of code, data, multimedia files etc. or some combination.  The file(s) will be placed in exactly the format in which they are provided – the publishers will not modify them in any way.  Authors are therefore advised to ensure each file has an appropriate file name and is clearly labelled.

In a longer format manuscript, it may be best to present additional material as an appendix to the main article, rather than as Supplementary Material. 


Files for journal article production

After the final acceptance of your manuscript for publication in the journal, you will be informed by email and are kindly asked to complete the file upload for the publication production process. Then, please submit the following files:

  • A file with your manuscript text (title page, list of authors, their email and affiliations, abstract, article body, captions and tables) in one of the most common document file formats (preferably .doc, .docx or .rtf). We do not accept manuscript in Latex or Tex;
  • Figures (preferably in .tiff or .eps format) to be uploaded as separate files (see point 9).