Ionospheric disturbances generated by different natural processes and by human activity in Earth plasma environment

H. Rothkaehl, N. Izohkina, N. Prutensky, S. Pulinets, M. Parrot, G. Lizunov, J. Blecki, I. Stanislawska

Abstract


The magnetosphere-ionosphere-thermosphere subsystem is strongly coupled via the electric field, particle precipitation, heat flows and small scale interaction. Satellites in situ measurements and ground
based complex diagnostics can provide comprehensive coverage of both time and geomagnetic place effects. Human activity also can perturb Earth s environment, but few are connected with controlled experiments in the ionosphere and are transient. Most of them are related to industrial activity and have increased
in recent years. The most important power sources are broadcasting transmitters, power stations, power lines and heavy industry. At ionospheric altitude some disturbances and physical processes are related to seismic activity, thunderstorm activity and some global changes in the Earth environment such as ozone holes. Various natural and artificial indicators can affect satellite telecommunication quality. The aim of this presentation is to report progress in understanding the physical processes in the ionosphere
described above and to assess the application of these considerations to the study of plasma effects on Earth-space and satellite-to-satellite communication.

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-3295
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X