The GSHAP Global Seismic Hazard Map

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D. Giardini
G. Grünthal
K. M. Shedlock
P. Zhang


The Global Seismic Hazard Assessment Program (GSHAP), a demonstration project of the UN/International Decade of Natural Disaster Reduction, was conducted in the 1992-1998 period with the goal of improving global standards in seismic hazard assessment. The GSHAP Global Seismic Hazard Map has been compiled by joining the regional maps produced for different GSHAP regions and test areas; it depicts the global seismic hazard as Peak Ground Acceleration (PGA) with a 10% chance of exceedance in 50 years, corresponding to a return period of 475 years.

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Giardini D, Grünthal G, Shedlock KM, Zhang P. The GSHAP Global Seismic Hazard Map. Ann. Geophys. [Internet]. 1999Nov.25 [cited 2022Oct.2];42(6). Available from:

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