Space Plasma Effects

Sandro M. Radicella, Petra Sauli, Norbert Jakowski, Daniel Kouba, Ana Portillo, Miguel Herraiz, Hal J. Strangeways, Nikolay Zernov, Vadim Gherm


This paper summarizes the activities carried out by WP 3.1 of WG 3 of COST 296 action. The Work Package

deals mostly with medium and large ionospheric structures that impacts on GNSS signals. In the research done

by this European team, particular attention was given to the ionosphere/space weather monitoring, to the analysis

of the variability of the ionospheric plasma during quiet and disturbed conditions and to the characterization

of the behavior of low latitudes ionospheric depletions or bubbles and the spatial and temporal gradients of total electron contet.


ionosphere/space weather monitoring – ionospheric variability – ionospheric bubbles – ionospheric gradients

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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X