Monitoring active volcanoes: The geochemical approach

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Salvatore Inguaggiato
Agnes Mazot
Takeshi Ohba


The geochemical surveillance of an active volcano aims to recognize possible signals that are related to changes in volcanic activity. Indeed, as a consequence of the magma rising inside the volcanic "plumbing system" and/or the refilling with new batches of magma, the dissolved volatiles in the magma are progressively released as a function of their relative solubilities. When approaching the surface, these fluids that are discharged during magma degassing can interact with shallow aquifers and/or can be released along the main volcano-tectonic structures. Under these conditions, the following main degassing processes represent strategic sites to be monitored.

The main purpose of this special volume is to collect papers that cover a wide range of topics in volcanic fluid geochemistry, which include geochemical characterization and geochemical monitoring of active volcanoes using different techniques and at different sites. Moreover, part of this volume has been dedicated to the new geochemistry tools.

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How to Cite
Inguaggiato, S., Mazot, A. and Ohba, T. (2011) “Monitoring active volcanoes: The geochemical approach”, Annals of Geophysics, 54(2). doi: 10.4401/ag-5187.