Geochemical features and effects on deep-seated fluids during the May-June 2012 southern Po Valley seismic sequence

Francesco Italiano, Marcello Liotta, Mauro Martelli, Giovanni Martinelli, Riccardo Petrini, Anna Riggio, Andrea Luca Rizzo, Francesca Slejko, Barbara Stenni

Abstract


A periodic sampling of the groundwaters and dissolved and free gases in selected deep wells located in the area affected by the May-June 2012 southern Po Valley seismic sequence has provided insight into seismogenic-induced changes of the local aquifer systems. The results obtained show progressive changes in the fluid geochemistry, allowing it to be established that deep-seated fluids were mobilized during the seismic sequence and reached surface layers along faults and fractures, which generated significant geochemical anomalies. The May-June 2012 seismic swarm (mainshock on May 29, 2012, M 5.8; 7 shocks M >5, about 200 events 3 > M > 5) induced several modifications in the circulating fluids. This study reports the preliminary results obtained for the geochemical features of the waters and gases collected over the epicentral area from boreholes drilled at different depths, thus intercepting water and gases with different origins and circulation. The aim of the investigations was to improve our knowledge of the fluids circulating over the seismic area (e.g. origin, provenance, interactions, mixing of different components, temporal changes). This was achieved by collecting samples from both shallow and deep-drilled boreholes, and then, after the selection of the relevant sites, we looked for temporal changes with mid-to-long-term monitoring activity following a constant sampling rate. This allowed us to gain better insight into the relationships between the fluid circulation and the faulting activity. The sampling sites are listed in Table 1, along with the analytical results of the gas phase. […]


Keywords


Fluids; Geochemistry; Faults; Temporal changes

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-6151
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X