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In 1989 the first bases of what is now a strong and consolidated Spanish-Italian scientific relationship in Seismology and in Volcano-Seismology were established. The first stage took place at the University of Catania, in the former Department of Earth Sciences, placed in the old Science Faculty, when a pre-doctoral student from the University of Granada, Cartuja Observatory (now called Andalusian Institute of Geophysics), arrived to complete his formation in seismology. During this stage, in addition to the training process, new contacts with researchers and mainly with pre-doctoral students of the former International Institute of Volcanology of the Italian National Research Council (IIV-CNR) were stablished. These contacts have endured, grown and created a strong international scientific network with consolidated and credible research production. In a short time new working groups were integrated such as the Osservatorio Vesuviano in Naples or the Department of Physics of the University of Salerno from the Italian side, and the Department of Applied Physics of the University of Almería or the Volcanology Department of the Spanish Research Council (CSIC) in Spain. At the present this non-official (but very active) network comprises many Italian Research Centers belonging to the National Institute of Geophysics and Volcanology (INGV) such as Catania, Naples, Rome, Palermo, Pisa or Bologna; Italian Universities as Salerno, Naples, L’Aquila or Calabrian, several Spanish Universities such as Granada, Almería, Jaen, Complutense, Cádiz or La Laguna, but also from other countries such as USA, Russia, Ireland, Portugal, México, Argentina, Germany, France, Norway or UK among others. This collaboration includes a continuous pre-doctoral students training protocols in which the exchange of fellows among the different institutions is fluent. [...]
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