The evolution of Earthquake-Resistant Timber Constructions in Anatolia Based on Archaeological data

Main Article Content

Hulya Diskaya


Turkey has confronted numerous severe and destructive earthquakes for centuries because of being located on the Mediterranean Seismic Belt. Proven to be safe due to their lightness and ductile nature, wooden buildings have gained importance in the course of time in this land. In this paper, earthquake−resistant timber constructions and the use of wooden material as an absorbing element for seismic forces in Anatolia and Thrace are investigated based on the historical development process with the help of the archaeological data.

The seismic structure, forests and timber residential placements of Turkey are studied in relation with each other at first. Accordingly the sustainable development process of architectural plan types and structural systems that are able to withstand earthquakes were mentioned under the light of archaeological findings. The structural characteristics that render a traditional timber building earthquake−resistant were researched according to the regional distribution, material and structural features and the most advanced structural systems used in both timber and timber−masonry composite systems were demonstrated as living examples today.

Article Details

How to Cite
Diskaya H. The evolution of Earthquake-Resistant Timber Constructions in Anatolia Based on Archaeological data. Ann. Geophys. [Internet]. 2019Dec.4 [cited 2022Jul.5];62(3):SE336. Available from:
Lessons from the past: the evolution of seismic protection techniques in the history of building
Author Biography

Hulya Diskaya, Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University

Current Job & Education:

Hülya Dışkaya is an Assistant Professor in the Architectural Restoration Programme of the Vocational School of Mimar Sinan Fine Arts Universtiy (MSGSU).She graduated from Yıldız Technical University (YTU, Istanbul / Turkey) as a civil engineer in 1987, studied restoration in vocational school in the Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University and graduated as a restorator in 1997, then studied architecture and graduated as an architect from the same university in 2000. She received a master's degree in 2004 and PhD in 2011 from the Department of Restoration of the Faculty of Architecture of MSGSU.

Competitions & Awards:  

  • Architectural Foundation (MIV), Architectural Research Award, 2005, with MSc Thesis in the Construction Science Field.
  • TAÇ Foundation, Success Award in between the conservation aimed student projects, 2001.
  • Forbo Krommenie Firm’s Design Competition for Library Floor- boarding of MSGSU, 3rd prize, 2000.           

Patent: Design innovation with LED system integrated timber lighting element for the restoration work of Tophane-i Amire Art and Cultural Center of MSGSU.

Professional: Since 1984, working on restoration of traditional timber and masonry construction applications in Istanbul, participated in various investigation and survey works of traditional buildings in different parts of Turkey.

Academic: Participated in various national and international conferences, has published articles and papers about traditional structures in Turkey and Balkans.

General research topic: Seismic behaviour of timber structures, strengthening technics of traditional timber and masonry structures. Making researches on the historical development of traditional wooden buildings in Turkey. Survey and photography works of traditional building stock across Turkey.