The response of the ionosphere to faint and bright solar flares as deduced from global GPS network data

E. L. Afraimovich, A. T. Altynsev, V. V. Grechnev, L. A. Leonovich


Results derived from analysing the ionosphere response to faint and bright solar flares are presented. The analysis used technology of a global detection of ionospheric effects from solar flares as developed by the authors, on the basis of phase measurements of the Total Electron Content (TEC) in the ionosphere using an international GPS network. The essence of the method is that use is made of appropriate filtering and a coherent processing of variations in the TEC which is determined from GPS data, simultaneously for the entire set of visible GPS satellites at all stations used in the analysis. This technique is useful for identifying the ionospheric response to faint solar flares (of X-ray class C) when the variation amplitude of the TEC response to separate line-on-sight to GPS satellite is comparable to the level of background fluctuations. The dependence of the TEC variation response amplitude on the bright flares location on the Sun is investigated


ionopshere;Total Electron Content

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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X