Properties of the geoelectric structure that promote the detectionof electrotelluric anomalies: the case of Ioannina, Greece

J. P. Makris

Abstract


The reliable detection and identification of electrotelluric anomalies that could be considered as precursory phenomena of earthquakes become fundamental aspects of earthquake prediction research. Special arrangements, in local and/or regional scale, of the geoelectric structure beneath the measuring point, may act as natural real-time "filters" on the ULF electrotelluric data improving considerably the signal to "magnetotelluric-noise" ratio of anomalies originated by probably non-magnetotelluric sources. Linear polarization, i.e. local channelling of the electric field on the surface is expected in cases where 3D-local inhomogeneities, producing strong shear distortion, are present in the vicinity of the monitoring site and/or when a 2D-regional geoelectrical setting exhibits high anisotropy. By assuming different generation mechanisms and modes of propagation for the electrotelluric anomalies that could be considered earthquake precursory phenomena, a rotationally originated residual electrotelluric field results, eliminating background magnetotelluric-noise and revealing "hidden" transient variations that could be associated to earthquakes. The suggested method is applicable in real-time data collection, thus simplifies and accelerates the tedious task of identification of suspicious signals. As an indicative example, the case of Ioannina (located in Northwestern Greece) is presented. The local polarization of the electrotelluric field varies dramatically even at neighboring points although the regional geoelectric strike direction does not change.+

Keywords


Electrotelluric;Greece;magnetotelluric;Mohr circle;noise reduction;seismic precursor;tensor decomposition

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-3598

Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X