Electrical structure of Plaine des Sables caldera, Piton de la Fournaise volcano (Reunion Island)

P. A. Schnegg

Abstract


An Audio Magnetotelluric (AMT) profile has been carried out across the Plaine des Sables, a former caldera of the active Piton de la Fournaise volcano, Reunion Island. Located in the Western Indian Ocean, between the Mascarene and Madagascar basins, this basaltic shield volcano originates from the activity of a hot spot. Our aim was to determine the internal structure of the volcano, in particular the shallow electrical properties of an area extending between the old and the new caldera rims. Although several teams had already conducted AMT work in this region a few years ago, there was a need for more a detailed, in depth survey. Our final model displays a noticeable slope of the Plaine des Sables basement oriented toward the present Fournaise summit. This slope is interpreted as resulting from successive landslides toward the ocean. We conclude that this dipping, electrically good conducting layer, probably belongs to the flat layering of an older caldera.

Keywords


Magnetotellurics;Piton de la Fournaise;volcanoes

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-3913
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X