Seismic response of the geologic structure underlying the Roman Colosseum and a 2-D resonance of a sediment valley

P. Mozco, A. Rovelli, P. Labak, L. Malagnini


The seismic response of the geologic structure beneath the Colosseum is investigated using a two-dimensional
modeling for a vertically incident plane SH wave. Computations indicate that the southern part of the Colosseum
may be exposed to a seismic ground motion with significantly larger amplitudes, differential motion and
longer duration than the northern part. because the southern part of the Colosseum is underlain by a sedimentfilled
valley created by sedimentary filling of the former tributary of the River Tiber. A 2-D resonance may
develop in the valley. Unlike the previous theoretical studies on 2-D resonance in sediment-filled valleys, an
effect of heterogeneous valley surroundings on the resonance is partly investigated. A very small sensitivity of
the maximum spectral amplifications connected with the fundamental and first higher modes to the presence of
a horizontal surface layer (with an intermediate velocity) in the valley surroundings is observed in the studied


Roman Colosseum;seismic waves;seismic response;site effect;2-D resonance;finite-difference method

Full Text:



We use cookies to ensure that we give you the best experience on our website. If you continue to use this site we will assume that you are happy with it (Read more).

Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X