Tilt measurements at Vulcano Island

S. Gambino, O. Campisi, G. Falzone, A. Ferro, F. Guglielmino, G. Laudani, B. Saraceno

Abstract


A network of tiltmeters has been operational on Vulcano Island for numerous years. At present, the network comprises five functioning borehole stations, four of which are installed at 8-10 m and allow recording very stable, high precision signals with very low noise.
We report observations over the last 12 years that illustrate impulsive variations linked to seismicity and long-term (several years) trends in the signals. We suggest a relationship between tilt changes correlated to the strongest regional seismic events and site acceleration; long-term tilt variations analyzed in combination with other ground deformation data seem to represent the evidence of a contraction of the La Fossa cone.
We also analyzed how the tilt device has the capability to detect possible magma migrations; we considered previous studies that have imaged spatially well-defined levels of magma accumulation beneath La Fossa, and Vulcanello; we concluded that the Vulcano tilt network should be capable of detecting the upward migration of small magma volumes.
Finally, we show that no evidence of changes are visible on tilt signals during anomalous degassing episodes (linked to a building up input of magmatic fluids) at the La Fossa thereby evidencing that no magma migration occurred during such events.

Keywords


tilt monitoring;magma migration

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-4419
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X