Shift of effective lightning areas during pre to post period of solar cycle minimum of 2008-2009 as determined from Schumann resonance studies at Agra, India

Birbal Singh, Devbrat Pundhir


Employing a set of 3-component search coil magnetometer, Schumann resonance studies have been in progress at Agra (Geograph. lat. 27.2°N, long. 78°E), India since 01 April, 2007. We have analysed the data for two periods; first from 01 April, 2007 to 31 March, 2008 (period-I), and then from 01 March, 2011 to 29 February, 2012 (period-II) which correspond to pre and post periods of solar cycle minimum of 2008-2009. From the diurnal variation of first mode intensity and frequency, we study the seasonal variations of global thunderstorm activity, effective source distance and level of lightning during both the periods. We show that world thunderstorm activity shifts to summer in the northern hemisphere as the effective source distance approaches close to the observer, and the level of intense lightning shifts from the month of July, 2007 in period-I to August, 2011 in period-II. This is supported by Lightning Imaging Sensor (LIS) satellite data also. A possible explanation in terms of increasing solar activity is suggested.


Schumann resonance; Thunderstorm activity; Effective lightning areas

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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X