Unstable spatial differences of the geomagnetic elements caused by changing water saturation of a volcanic sediment

András Csontos, Peter Kónya, György Falus, Anikó Besnyi


Since the beginning of geomagnetic recording at Tihany Geophysical Observatory, baseline instability has been observed, especially in the case of the old variation house. The regularly observed annual baseline change is independent from the type of magnetometer. Common environmental effects on the instruments (for example temperature effects) are not suitable to characterize this variation. A possible reason of this instability is an unconventional geomagnetic effect on the magnetic properties of the sediment. The water saturation of a lake mud in a geyser cone shows correspondence with the variation of the base values. X-ray powder diffraction measurement detected goethite in the lake mud which, in fact makes possible the appearance of a super-ferromagnetic effect on goethite. In this study we present a possible source and the mechanism of the effect.


Effect on main geomagnetic field, Rock magnetism, Magnetic anomalies, Volcanic sediments, Observatory practice, Water saturation

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-7351
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X