Unstable spatial differences of the geomagnetic elements caused by changing water saturation of a volcanic sediment

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András Csontos
Peter Kónya
György Falus
Anikó Besnyi

Abstract

Since the beginning of geomagnetic recording at Tihany Geophysical Observatory, baseline instability has been observed, especially in the case of the old variation house. The regularly observed annual baseline change is independent from the type of magnetometer. Common environmental effects on the instruments (for example temperature effects) are not suitable to characterize this variation. A possible reason of this instability is an unconventional geomagnetic effect on the magnetic properties of the sediment. The water saturation of a lake mud in a geyser cone shows correspondence with the variation of the base values. X-ray powder diffraction measurement detected goethite in the lake mud which, in fact makes possible the appearance of a super-ferromagnetic effect on goethite. In this study we present a possible source and the mechanism of the effect.

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How to Cite
1.
Csontos A, Kónya P, Falus G, Besnyi A. Unstable spatial differences of the geomagnetic elements caused by changing water saturation of a volcanic sediment. Ann. Geophys. [Internet]. 2019Apr.15 [cited 2022Jun.29];61(6):GM669. Available from: https://www.annalsofgeophysics.eu/index.php/annals/article/view/7351
Section
Geomagnetism and Paleomagnetism