foF2 variations measured by the Rome observatory during solar minimum in the last three solar cycles

Alessandro Ippolito

Abstract


The last three solar cycles have been considered for a study on the variation of the ionospheric parameter foF2 during the solar minimum. Hourly observations recorded by the ionospheric station of Rome have been considered for the years 1985, 1986, 1987, 1995, 1996, 1997, 2007, 2008 and 2009.  A background value of foF2 have been computed considering a 27-day running median. A variation of foF2 of more than ± 15% over the background level and with a minimum duration of 3 hours, is here considered as an anomaly. For each anomaly, a study of the geomagnetic condition has been carried, considering the value of the Ap index at the time when the anomaly is detected and for the previous 24 hours. The auroral electrojet index AE has also been investigated in relationship with each observed foF2 anomaly, considering 6 hours before the occurrence of the anomaly since TADs, related to upsurges of auroral activity, can reach middle latitudes and consequently perturb the F2 layer. A characterization of the observed foF2 anomalies with respect to the related geomagnetic conditions is presented in this work. Two foF2 storms are here studied in the details, analysing the solar sources.


Keywords


Ionosphere, foF2, ionospheric strorm, geomagnetic storms

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DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-7762

Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X