Determination of path attenuation and site characteristics of the North-west Himalayan region and adjoining regions within the Indian Territory using Generalized inversion method

Nelliparanbil Hareeshkumar Harinarayan, Abhishek Kumar

Abstract


North-west Himalayas and its adjoining regions have been experiencing deadly earthqaukes from time to time and are home for a large portion of population of Indian subcontinent. Knowledge of regional path attenuation and site parameters are prerequisite while attempting seismic hazard studies towards minimizing damages during future earthqaukes for a region. Present work focuses on the determination of path attenuation and site characteristics of earthqaukes recording stations, located in the north-west Himalayas and its adjoining regions, within India. It is done using two- step generalized inversion technique. In the first step of inversion, non-parametric attenuation curves are developed by constraining attenuation to be a smooth decaying function with hypocentral distance. Qs = (105 ± 11)f (0.94 ± 0.08) as S wave quality factor is obtained indicating that the region is seismically active having high degree of heterogeneities in the crustal medium. In the second step of generalized inversion, site amplification curve, at each recording station, is computed as the ratio of site spectral amplitude of horizontal and vertical components. In addition, based on Horizontal to vertical spectral ratio (HVSR) method, predominant frequency of each recording station is calculated. Values of predominant frequencies based on HVSR and generalized inversion are found matching for each of the recording station. Based on obtained predominant frequency, site class of 101 recording stations, which at present are absent, are determined in this work. Determined path attenuation as well as site parameters can be collectively used for developing regional ground motion models and subsequently for seismic hazard studies for the selected region.


Keywords


Earthquake, Path attenuation characteristics, Quality factor, site characteristics, Generalized Inversion, HVSR

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-8225
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X