Parametric time series analysis of geoelectrical signals: an application to earthquake forecasting in Southern Italy

G. Di Bello, V. Lapenna, M. Macchiato, C. Satriano, C. Serio, V. Tramutoli

Abstract


An autoregressive model was selected to describe geoelectrical time series. An objective technique was subsequently applied to analyze and discriminate values above (below) an a priorifixed threshold possibly related to seismic events. A complete check of the model and the main guidelines to estimate the occurrence probability of extreme events are reported. A first application of the proposed technique is discussed through the analysis of the experimental data recorded by an automatic station located in Tito, a small town on the Apennine chain in Southern Italy. This region was hit by the November 1980 Irpinia-Basilicata earthquake and it is one of most active areas of the Mediterranean region. After a preliminary filtering procedure to reduce the influence of external parameters (i.e. the meteo-climatic effects), it was demonstrated that the geoelectrical residual time series are well described by means of a second order autoregressive model. Our findings outline a statistical methodology to evaluate the efficiency of electrical seismic precursors.

Keywords


time series;geoelectrical signals;earthquake prediction

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-3947
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X