Spatial sea-level reconstruction in the Baltic Sea and in the Pacific Ocean from tide gauges observations

Marco Olivieri, Giorgio Spada

Abstract


Exploiting the Delaunay interpolation, we present a newly implemented 2-D sea-level reconstruction from coastal sea-level observations to open seas, with the aim of characterizing the spatial variability of the rate of sea-level change. To test the strengths and weaknesses of this method and to determine its usefulness in sea-level interpolation, we consider the case studies of the Baltic Sea and of the Pacific Ocean. In the Baltic Sea, a small basin well sampled by tide gauges, our reconstructions are successfully compared with absolute sea-level observations from altimetry during 1993-2011. The regional variability of absolute sea level observed across the Pacific Ocean, however, cannot be reproduced. We interpret this result as the effect of the uneven and sparse tide gauge data set and of the composite vertical land movements in and around the region. Useful considerations arise that can serve as a basis for developing sophisticated approaches.


Keywords


Sea-level rise; Tide gauge observations; Altimetric record

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References


DOI: https://doi.org/10.4401/ag-6966
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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X