Short-term and long-term earthquake occurrence models for Italy: ETES, ERS and LTST

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Giuseppe Falcone
Rodolfo Console
Maura Murru


This study describes three earthquake occurrence models as applied to the whole Italian territory, to assess the occurrence probabilities of future (M ≥5.0) earthquakes: two as short-term (24 hour) models, and one as long-term (5 and 10 years). The first model for short-term forecasts is a purely stochastic epidemic type earthquake sequence (ETES) model. The second short-term model is an epidemic rate-state (ERS) forecast based on a model that is physically constrained by the application to the earthquake clustering of the Dieterich rate-state constitutive law. The third forecast is based on a long-term stress transfer (LTST) model that considers the perturbations of earthquake probability for interacting faults by static Coulomb stress changes. These models have been submitted to the Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) for forecast testing for Italy (ETH-Zurich), and they were locked down to test their validity on real data in a future setting starting from August 1, 2009.

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Falcone, G., Console, R. and Murru, M. (2010) “Short-term and long-term earthquake occurrence models for Italy: ETES, ERS and LTST”, Annals of Geophysics, 53(3), pp. 41–50. doi: 10.4401/ag-4760.

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