Retrospective evaluation of the five-year and ten-year CSEP-Italy earthquake forecasts

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Maximilian J. Werner
J. Douglas Zechar
Warner Marzocchi
Stefan Wiemer
CSEP-Italy Working Group


On August 1, 2009, the global Collaboratory for the Study of Earthquake Predictability (CSEP) launched a prospective and comparative earthquake predictability experiment in Italy. The goal of this CSEP-Italy experiment is to test earthquake occurrence hypotheses that have been formalized as probabilistic earthquake forecasts over temporal scales that range from days to years. In the first round of forecast submissions, members of the CSEP-Italy Working Group presented 18 five-year and ten-year earthquake forecasts to the European CSEP Testing Center at ETH Zurich. We have considered here the twelve time-independent earthquake forecasts among this set, and evaluated them with respect to past seismicity data from two Italian earthquake catalogs. We present the results of the tests that measure the consistencies of the forecasts according to past observations. As well as being an evaluation of the time-independent forecasts submitted, this exercise provides insight into a number of important issues in predictability experiments with regard to the specification of the forecasts, the performance of the tests, and the trade-off between robustness of results and experiment duration. We conclude with suggestions for the design of future earthquake predictability experiments.

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Werner MJ, Zechar JD, Marzocchi W, Wiemer S, Working Group C-I. Retrospective evaluation of the five-year and ten-year CSEP-Italy earthquake forecasts. Ann. Geophys. [Internet]. 2010Nov.5 [cited 2021Jun.21];53(3):11-30. Available from:

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