The velocity of P-waves below the " 20" discontinuity "



Velocity values for P-waves below the " 2 0 ° discontinuit
y " are calculated by applying the Wadati-Masuda method, and by using
separately calculated travel-time curves for the P-waves and the PdPwaves
of each of the five earthquakes examined.
The velocities calculated have a mean value of 10.21 ± 0.24 km/sec,
and are without exception greater than those obtained in a previous piece
of research (9.57 km/sec).
As regards the value of the velocity of the P-waves above the "20°
discontinuity" (8.96 kin/sec), the percentage difference between the velocity
above and the velocity below the "20° discontinuity" is 14%.
Application of the Herglotz-Wiechert procedure in the zone of the
mantle below the "20° discontinuity" does not give significant variations
in the correlation between velocity and depth, in comparison with the results
obtained by other authors.

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Published by INGV, Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica e Vulcanologia - ISSN: 2037-416X